Traumatic Brain Injury
Head injury occurs when the skull slams against the windshield, the ground or some other object. Injury to the head or brain can also occur without direct impact to the head, as in severe "whiplash." The compression, twisting, and distortion of the brain inside the skull associated with this impact or violent movement has the potential to cause localized as well as widespread physical damage and electrochemical disruption throughout the brain. In addition, damage is often sustained to bone, muscle, and vertebral tissues of the cranial (skull and scalp) and cervical (neck and shoulder) strucutres. Thus, head injury is the general term that refers to potential injury involving the complex of cerebral, cranial, and cervical structures. Mild head injury, specifically, refers to trauma that results in no loss of consciousness or only brief loss of consciousness, typically less than five minutes.
Post-concussion syndrome usually involve symptoms stemming collectively from injury to the cerebral, cranial, and cervical areas. Common symptoms of post-concussion include:
Headache and other pain
Dizziness or light headedness
Memory and Concentration difficulty
Frustration and irritability
Periods of confusion or mental dullness
Emotional and behavioral changes
Loss of self confidence
Fatigue and weakness
Tinnitus or ringing in the ears
Slow Reaction Time
Post-concussion symptoms usually become rather intense soon after an injury. Many symptoms lessen or abate altogether with time - often within one year from the injury. Usually, there are no abnormalities on routine neurological examination or brain scan, making post-concussion syndrome an often overlooked or under-diagnosed problem.
Your neuropsychological evaluation will involve a comprehensive evaluation and review of developmental and medical history, diagnostic test results, successful and unsuccessful treatment, and emotional reactons in order to fully understand the complex sequale involved in head injury. This understanding, as complex as it is, forms the basis for developing appropriate interventions and treatment plan to facilitate improved functioning.
For a better understanding of how a brain injury may occur, please watch thisBRAIN INJURY VIDEO